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Giraffes are listed for first time to halt their ‘silent extinction’: CITES

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There was a big win for giraffes at the 18th Conference of the Parties (CoP) of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in Geneva Thursday, as governments voted in favour of listing the species for the first time to protect it from unregulated trade.

Known as the ‘silent extinction’ giraffe numbers have plummeted dramatically – by up to 40% over the last 30 years – due to threats including international trade in their parts, as well as habitat loss, civil unrest and illegal hunting.

Matt Collis, IFAW Director, International Policy, and head of IFAW’s delegation at CITES, welcomed the decision, saying: “This is a big conservation win for giraffes. It was vital that this species was listed by CITES because up to now it has been impossible to say for certain how much of the giraffe’s huge population decline is due to trade.

“We do know it is a significant factor though as the only country that currently collects data on trade in giraffes, the United States, has reported almost 40,000 giraffe items traded in a decade. Listing on Appendix II is an important step in regulating trade in giraffes, preventing any illegal and unsustainable trade and helping to safeguard this iconic species for future generations.”

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The Appendix II listing was proposed by Central African Republic, Chad, Kenya, Mali, Niger and Senegal. It was passed by 106 votes in support, with 21 votes against and seven abstentions. An earlier vote on limiting the protection to apply only to sub-species outside of Southern Africa failed to achieve the required number of votes to pass.

While the Appendix II listing, proposed by a number of African countries, will not stop all trade in giraffe parts, it will ensure this is not contributing to further population declines and provide global scale data that could not otherwise be obtained.

Giraffes once ranged over much of the semi-arid savannah and savannah woodlands of Africa. Today, they are found only south of the Sahara, and occupy only a fraction of their historic range as a result of human population expansion and changes in land use.

While giraffes fall prey to poaching for bushmeat, bones, skin and tail hair, there is also a significant amount of international trade in their bone carvings and trophies.

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There is currently only one recognised species of giraffe, with nine sub-species. They have been listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 2016, with some sub-species classified as endangered or critically endangered. Five of the nine sub-species have only a small wild population, while four have a decreasing population trend. All are affected by trade.

Between 2006 and 2015, 39,516 giraffe specimens, including dead and live animals, as well as their parts or derivatives, were imported by the US. This is the equivalent of at least 3,751 individual giraffes (a conservative estimate calculated by counting only bodies and trophies). This includes 21,402 bone carvings, 3,008 skin pieces and 3,744 hunting trophies. These numbers were obtained using the US Law Enforcement Management Information System data on wildlife products.

Separate to US trade, online research summarised in the listing proposal revealed a total of 321 giraffe products for sale by sellers based in seven EU countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom), indicating the existence of a substantial market there as well.

Giraffes have a low reproductive output, making them susceptible to over-exploitation. Gestation is about 15 months and, typically, only one calf is born. Calves stay with their mothers for 22 months. Giraffes in the wild live for about 25 years, and typically females give birth to only five or six calves during their lives. Of these calves, it is possible that only half will survive.

The future survival of many other animals traded for their parts or as live specimens will be affected by decisions taken at this meeting by attending government representatives of most of the 183 member parties. They continue negotiating proposals on the longest agenda in CITES history, with the meeting scheduled to run until Wednesday August 28.

Collis added: “Illegal and unsustainable wildlife trade, coupled with habitat loss and other human-made threats, has decimated many species so that they are now at a tipping point for future survival. It is vital that over the next few days countries come together to do all they can to protect some of our most vulnerable species.”

Other key species still to be considered include otters, rhinos and elephants.

 

 

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Tanzania reviews law on mediation for investors

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BOB KARASHANI

By BOB KARASHANI
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Tanzania is set to review the contentious arbitration law. A key part of the draft Bill for the proposed 2020 Arbitration Act, tabled in parliament on January 28, includes clauses allowing investors to access international arbitration.

The draft Bill comes on the back of new arbitration announcements filed last month by several multinational mining companies over cancelled retention licences.

It also coincided with a new profit-sharing deal between Tanzania and Canadian mining giant Barrick Gold Corp for the three Barrick-owned gold mines in the country.

One of Tanzania’s concessions to Barrick in the new deal is the right to seek international arbitration in case of disputes.

The draft Bill proposes amendments covering sovereignty over Tanzania’s natural resources and public-private-partnership (PPP) ventures with foreign parties; domestic and international commercial arbitration, as well as “enforcement of foreign arbitral awards” and related matters.

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For example, on PPPs the draft proposes changes that would allow dispute resolution by outside arbitration bodies provided that the proceedings are held in Tanzania.

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This follows amendments to the PPP Act in 2018 that required institutions administering all arbitrations to be from Tanzania.

The amended law will also create a Tanzania Arbitration Centre to host all mediation and deal with arbitrator accreditations.

Canadian firm Winshear Gold Corporation served noticed of intent to litigate on January 10, followed by Australian miner Indiana Resources Ltd on January 15.

Both companies are claiming that Tanzania breached the 2013 Agreement for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments—also known as the Bilateral Investment Treaty—along with various international laws and conventions.

They have both declared that they will “pursue any means available”, including going as far as international tribunal level, to protect their investments in Tanzania.

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No sign of engine failure in Kobe Bryant helicopter crash: NTSB : The Standard

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Smoke rises from the site of the helicopter crash in Calabasas, California, on January 26 that killed NBA icon Kobe Bryant, his daughter Gianna and seven others. The NTSB says there is no indication that engine failure was a factor. [AFP/File / Mark RALSTON]

Wreckage at the scene of the helicopter crash that killed NBA great Kobe Bryant and eight others showed no evidence of engine failure, a preliminary report from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) said Friday.


Bryant and his 13-year-old daughter Gianna were among the nine who perished when the helicopter crashed in rugged terrain west of Los Angeles on January 26.

“All significant components of the helicopter were located within the wreckage area,” according to the report. “Examination of the main and tail rotor assemblies found damage consistent with powered rotation at the time of impact.

“Viewable sections of the engines showed no evidence of an uncontained or catastrophic internal failure.

SEE ALSO :Nine people dead in Kobe Bryant helicopter crash: official

“The No. 2 engine first-stage compressor blades exhibited tip curl in the direction opposite of rotation, consistent with powered rotation at the time of impact.”

Friday’s report was a summary of investigators’ findings so far. A final report identifying the cause of the crash is expected to take at least a year to complete.

Investigators from the NTSB and other bodies are considering what role heavy fog that Sunday morning might have played.

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“Our investigators have already developed a substantial amount of evidence about the circumstances of this tragic crash,” NTSB Chairman Robert Sumwalt said in a statement.

“And we are confident that we will be able to determine its cause as well as any factors that contributed to it so we can make safety recommendations to prevent accidents like this from occurring again.”

SEE ALSO :Kobe Bryant’s final tweet hours before dying in helicopter crash

In addition to 41-year-old Bryant and Gianna, those killed in the crash were her basketball teammates Alyssa Altobelli and Payton Chester, Alyssa’s parents John and Keri Altobelli, Payton’s mother Sarah Chester, basketball coach Christina Mauser and pilot Ara Zobayan.

They were heading to a girls’ basketball tournament at Bryant’s Mamba Sports Academy in suburban Thousand Oaks having departed from John Wayne Airport in Orange County.

The deaths rocked the NBA and the wider sporting world as well as Los Angeles — where Bryant won five NBA titles playing for all of his 20-year career with the Los Angeles Lakers.

Memorials sprang up around the city as fans left flowers, balloons, basketballs, stuffed animals, jerseys and other memorabilia in Bryant’s honor at the Lakers’ Staples Center arena, the team training facility in suburban El Segundo and as close to the crash site as they could get.

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The Lakers honored Bryant with a pre-game ceremony less than a week after his death and a public memorial for Bryant and the other victims has reportedly been scheduled for February 24 at Staples Center.

SEE ALSO :The 29-year-old helicopter in which Kobe Bryant and his daughter died

The report includes photographs of the crash area in the Santa Monica Mountains, including one from a witness near the site and one from a security camera that shows the helicopter flying into clouds.

It also includes comments from a witness who was on a mountain bike trail and told investigators he heard the helicopter approaching.

He said he saw the blue and white helicopter emerge from the clouds, travelling forward and down, observing it for about two seconds before it crashed.



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Kobe BryantNational Transportation Safety BoardNTSBGianna Bryant

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How the Boma International Hospitality College is changing the hospitality and fine dining training industry : The Standard

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Are you a high school graduate who has a desire to venture into the hospitality business? Are you someone who has always desired to go into the hotel business? You have been searching for the best college to go to for the necessary skills and are on the verge of giving up on your dream? Or are you currently in the hotel business but are looking to sharpen your skills and get internationally recognized school certificates? Here is a college that is looking to help you nurture your talents, ambitions and give you the vital skills to venture in this industry,


The Boma International Hospitality College (BIHC) in partnership with the Business and Hotel Management School (BHMS) in Switzerland are looking to nurture your interest in the hospitality industry and empower your ambitions. They have a developed state of the art study program which is designed to facilitate access to demanding, while rewarding careers.

BIHC, through their Professional Hospitality Development Program, have set out to train and retrain professionals across various departments of the Hospitality Industry through tailor- made programs and short courses. These involve, front office operations, food and beverage service techniques, professional chefs’ course, housekeeping and laundry operations, among others. This program will not only rejuvenate the student by improving their skill- set but also affirm BIHC’s stand as a top national and regional leader in hospitality training.


Students in class at The Boma International Hospitality College.

The curriculum maintains a strong emphasis on Swiss tradition of balancing theories with immediate practical applications within the and most central operating areas. These are, the Food and Beverage and Rooms Division departments at the Boma Hotel Complex which are part of the Applied Hotel Operations module.

This college is fully equipped with all the necessary equipment. Fitted with modern training kitchens, training restaurants and bars and access to all front and back-of – the house facilities of The Boma Hotels. These include Front office, Housekeeping, Spa and Health Club areas. There has been a recent expansion of facilities and introduction of a new e-learning Resource Centre and lecture rooms equipped with the latest audio-visual equipment, labs and a computer center. Alongside all these good things, all students have good access to Internet, Intranet and Campus- wide wireless connection.

Theory can get boring but at BIHC, they don’t just prioritize that since there are obviously practicals for you while you are enrolled there, I mean how else will you know how to cook and be an expert in hospitality if you don’t practice it? However, that’s not all, at the Boma Franchise, the programs include periods of externships at leading international and local hospitality brands, where the students are expected to prove their skills, knowledge and attitudes. This is done under direct monitoring of professionals who ensure to do their very best to provide guidance for the students’ professional benefit. The students, that is You and I… may undertake PAID International Internship programs in the USA, Middle East and the Caribbean as part of their study package.

For More of This and Other Stories, Grab Your Copy of the Standard Newspaper.  

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BIHC has ingeniously designed their courses to prepare the students for various positions in the industry globally, with Diploma and Certificate courses which have intakes in January, May and September. Alongside these, there are short courses in International Cookery and Pastry which run separately on weekends or weekdays throughout the year.

With all these, you are on your way to being a hospitality expert and a culinary mastermind. Besides, you could even start your own restaurant and put all those good skills to use. However, Charity begins at home, start by showing off your new skills to your family and friends. I believe you will be the chef you have always imagined to be.

Now go forth and make your dreams come true!



Do not miss out on the latest news. Join the Standard Digital Telegram channel HERE.

Boma International Hospitality CollegeBusiness and Hotel Management SchoolBIHCBHMS

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