Kenya Ports Authority (KPA) Managing Director Daniel Manduku (left) walks out of the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission (EACC) offices in Mombasa jointly with his bodyguard (right) where he had gone for interrogation by the EACC officers over a corruption case, May 20, 2019. [Gedion Maundu, Standard]].
When Daniel Ogwoka Manduku was confirmed as the Kenya Ports Authority (KPA) Managing Director last year, it was clear he was taking over a hot seat.
The once-coveted plum position has over the years become a poisoned chalice for its occupiers, as a raft of corruption allegations and other forms of impropriety have been used rather effectively to make the seat uninhabitable.
Insiders who spoke to Saturday Standard talked of how influential individuals have for years pushed for their preferred choices to take over at the port, only to leave them out to hang once they are no longer useful.
The position has since 1979 been held by 14 people: Out of 13 seven were sacked, three forced to resign and four completed their term with Dr Manduku‘s rein entering its second year after a turbulent first year in office that has seen him summoned for statements by law enforcement agencies.
Analysts say some former MDs were victims of circumstances and faced sabotage from powerful forces within and outside the port including from other state agencies.
They say KPA bosses find themselves in a dilemma of choosing to be professional and repaying their benefactors by awarding them lucrative tenders and even patronage jobs.
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Of those who have met career-ending tackles at the port, Eng Joseph Munyiri Munene’s rein was the shortest. In December 1999 he was forced to resign after he started to investigate Sh200 million fraud in the port’s engineering department.
It later emerged that the fraud involved a then powerful politician in from the coast region and some KPA section managers who launched a vicious media campaigns to paint Munene as a tribalist.
John Mturi, Philip Okundi, John Gituma, and Brown Ondego completed their terms but they also faced what some term as “persecution” and frustration with the former even arrested.
Mr Ondego who took over from Munene as KPA boss in 1999 was arrested and suspended from office in January 2005 over claims of graft. He was later cleared.
Abdalla Mwaruwa who took over from Ondego was sacked in 2008 after chaotic implementation of the Kilindini Water Front System leading to massive congestion.
James M Mulewa who served between October 2008 and July 2010 was sacked by then Transport Minister Chirau Mwakwere over alleged abuse of office. The court cleared him.
But Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission (EACC) would later arrest and charge him for illegal enrichment.
EACC said Mulewa made some deposits of Sh17 million in a bank between August 31, 2008 and May 2010 being the value which constituted land property he could not explain how he acquired.
The agency further accused him of having deposited Sh41 million in cash and Sh24 million in cheques in various banks, money he could not explain how he acquired.
In 2017, a Mombasa High Court ordered Mulewa to pay Sh78 million to the state after finding he has property worth the amount he can neither account for nor explain how he acquired it. On February 2016, long-serving MD Gichiri Ndua who took over from Mulewa, was among top managers that were forced to retire. Ndua was succeeded by Catherin Mturi-Wairi.
Mrs Wairi who took over the rein in July 2016 was forced to resign in June last year after the port and the Inland Container Depot (ICD) experienced massive congestion.
Like Ondego, Munene, Philip Okundi and Robert Brenneisen entered KPA as outsiders, a move analysts say was fiercely opposed by top managers at the port.
Claims of sabotage at the port has in the last three years forced the KPA board to carry out major changes transferring, demoting or sacking some top managers.
In 2016, General Manager- Operations Captain Twalib Khamisi and Head of Legal Services and Company Secretary Muthoni Gatere, Justus Nyarandi (General Manager-Cooperative Services) and Major Mohamed Morowa (head of security services) were retired.
In March last year, another purge was carried out in the port that saw Eng Abdullahi Samatar General Manager – Infrastructure Development deployed to Kisumu Port.
Long-serving Eng Joseph Atonga, General Manager -Engineering Services, was retired while Sudi Mwasimango General Manager Operations and Harbour Master was deployed to Kisumu.
Critics say the changes were as a result of corporate and national politics by people in and outside KPA who wanted to control the port but others say it was necessary to end the rivalry.
This year, KPA again effected major changes affecting 16 senior officers who have either been demoted, transferred or promoted.
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Daniel Ogwoka MandukuKPAHigh Court